OSHA Crane and Derrick Compliance Directives

OSHA Crane and Derrick Compliance Directives

Crane & Derrick OSHA Compliance Directives

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is the nationally accredited and internationally recognized organization authorized to create and amend regulations for the safe work conditions for workers. They provide training, education, and outreach to aid in the dissemination of information. OSHA compliance announcements are always being made in order to keep up with the advancements in equipment.

For the construction industry, of which cranes and derricks are a part, OSHA has created several regulations, guidelines, and protocols all coalesced into a compliance directive. In this article, we review some of the OSHA crane updates published on February 11, 2022.

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What is the purpose of OSHA Guidelines?

OSHA guidelines are put in place to achieve several objectives, with a baseline goal of making the workplace safe. They include:

  • Educating employees on the proper use of tools and machinery
  • Identify and communicate unsafe conditions and potential hazards
  • Emphasize important information, such as keeping emergency exits clear and accessible
  • Instill a sense of awareness of the workplace surroundings, like machines in operation on site, also including staying alert to warning signals
  • Safety equipment that should be worn when doing different types of work, from earplugs to Nomex body suits.
  • Following safety guidelines when responding to emergencies or unexpected events, such as machine malfunction or compromised closed spaces.

Common OSHA Violations

Key Points of the Compliance Inspection

OSHA has several requirements when it comes to crane inspection at the work site. An abbreviated checklist for inspection contains:

  • Determining the adequacy of ground conditions the crane will move over.
  • Checking the crane’s components for any visible indications of repair.
  • Gathering information on any live overhead lines in the vicinity of the workplace, with work zones being demarcated and any encroachment steps in place.
  • Verification of the signal person’s documentation and qualification.
  • Ensure that lift plans (if any) are being followed.
  • Inspection of all rigging equipment to be used by workers
  • Verify that load charts and manuals are correct, available, and understood by the crane’s operator
  • Determine the number and frequency of workers entering and around the crane’s operation area.

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Inspection Information and Citation Policies

This section of the compliance directive covers recommended subject matter for interviews of individuals working in the construction industry and with heavy equipment.

  1. Employee/Employer Interviews – this supplements any information shared in the Field Operations Manual from interviews with individuals at the site.
  2. Qualified Individuals – Workers tasked with certain duties must meet the definition of qualified or competent persons, (with interviews documenting these credentials) for them to safely use their assigned equipment.
  3. Tasks required of an Individual – these are provisions given that specify the scope of duties for an individual in a designated role, e.g., signal persons

To learn more about what exactly goes into a crane inspection, see Total Equipment Training’s OSHA-compliant annual inspection here.

Ground Conditions Under § 1926.1402

‘Ground Conditions’ means the ability of the ground to support the crane. The crane should not be deployed for duty until ground conditions have been assessed (for possible slip, loose surface, obstructions) by a qualified person.

Assembly/Disassembly Under §§ 1926.1403-.1406

This section describes the safe and proper conditions to be aware of when taking apart the crane. They include supervision while disassembling, knowledge of procedures and crew safety procedures during disassembly/assembly.

Inspections Required Under § 1926.1412

OSHA’s required inspections by a qualified person as covered in the compliance directive include:

  1. Post-Assembly – Inspection carried out after the crane has been assembled, according to the manufacturer’s criteria.
    Repaired or Adjusted Equipment – This is inspection done after any components of the crane have been altered or repaired. A load test may be required.
  2. Each Shift – Inspection carried out before the crane is put into operation.
  3. Monthly – A required inspection carried out every month
  4. Annual/Comprehensive – The crane goes through a thorough inspection (being disassembled if necessary) every 12 months.
  5. Severe Service – This inspection is unique in that it is not done in regular frequency, but rather after when the crane has been operating in extreme conditions.
  6. Equipment not in regular use – Cranes that have been idle for more than 3 months are subjected to this inspection to assess their capacity to resume operation.

Contact Total Equipment Training for your OSHA compliance

Wire Rope Inspections Under § 1926.1413

This is the inspection of wire ropes (running and standing) that are likely to be in use, verifying proper working capacity. These inspections are also carried out by a qualified person. They include:

  1. Shift Inspection – Inspecting the wires before every shift
  2. Monthly Inspection – A mandatory inspection after every 30 days.
  3. Annual/Comprehensive – Carried out every 12 months

Signals and General Requirements Under §1926.1419

This section of the compliance directive outlines situations for which signals are required, the types of signals to be used, and where a signal person is required for efficient communication.

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Fall Protection Under §1926.1423

Fall protection is the mitigation of risk from falls by workers performing duties at elevation. This section of the compliance directive guides on safety measures to have in place (guardrails, harnesses) for different conditions when working with cranes. Total Equipment Training’s documentation on fall protection provides a breakdown on what to look out for, and how to improve safety around work involving fall hazards.

Boom Free Fall and Controlled Load Lowering Under § 1926.1426

This section touches on OSHA conditions for safe load lifting. It covers prohibitions on boom-free falls, how to prevent boom free falls, and covering components that could cause a free fall of the load.

Total Equipment Training: OSHA Compliance Updates

OSHA Compliance Directives (CPLs) for Cranes and Derricks is a very comprehensive document, delving into detail the full battery of procedures, protocols, and measures to follow in order to safely use cranes and derricks on site. Breaking down this information for absorption and retention may be a challenge for an individual or group!

That is why Total Equipment Training provides experienced trainers who can clearly break down this information to be site-specific and fit the specific needs of your company and employees. Contact TET to gain a better understanding of crane and derrick operation and realize improvements in both site safety, and work efficiency.